An unplanned pregnancy is not something any of us really wants in life. While conceiving a baby is a blessing - and a very much desired thing - for some people, doing so before we are really ready for it and have planned it out is something most women would prefer to avoid. That’s why we tell you the methods of contraception available to you if you’re a sexually active woman but not yet ready to have a baby.
Though a highly debated and not-talked-about-enough topic in our country, contraception options is something every woman should know about. Remember, though, that while these are the options you can choose from, since they affect your body and your hormonal cycle, you MUST consult your gynaecologist before getting started on any form of contraception.
Being the most convenient, condoms are the most widely used form of contraception - which is precisely why you absolutely MUST insist on them during sex. They prevent the sperm from entering the uterus, and are 97% effective when used properly. And what’s more – since this is an external barrier used by the male partner, you DON’T need to consult your gynaecologist before use!Why you should try it:
Besides serving as contraception, they also guard against STDs.
2. Birth Control Pills
The most common method of contraception for women, birth control pills work by stopping ovulation in women, which essentially means that these pills stop your ovaries from releasing the egg. If there is no egg to be fertilized by the sperm – no pregnancy.Why you should try it:
Because they’re very reliable, when properly and regularly used, and can also help with problems such as PCOD and PCOS.
3. Vaginal Ring
The soft, flexible vaginal ring works by releasing the same hormones (oestrogen and progestin) as a birth control pill into the uterus, thus preventing the eggs from releasing. It is inserted into the vagina and kept there for three weeks. The fourth week is left ring-free for you to be able to get your period. You just need to insert a new ring after your period, on the same day of the week as your last cycle.Why you should try it:
It’s super-convenient, since you just have to insert one ring for three weeks, as opposed to taking a pill once a day.
4. Intra-Uterine Devices (IUDs)
These are devices that are inserted (by a doctor) into the uterus, making the environment inside the uterus unfavourable for pregnancy. An IUD works by releasing hormones into the uterus that prevent the sperm from fertilizing the egg, or by preventing the egg from being implanted in the uterus.Why you should try it:
Because they work for five years straight AND reduce heavy bleeding during periods.
5. Contraceptive Injections
These are pretty much the same as birth control pills, only, in injection form. However, these contraceptive injections have you covered for 150 days straight.Why you should try it:
If you’re someone who is likely forget to take a pill every day at a fixed time, this is a super-convenient alternative.
6. Birth Control Patches
Don’t wanna get pregnant? Wear a patch! That’s just how convenient these birth control patches are. Just wear a patch once a week, for three weeks straight, and you’re good to go! They work by releasing female hormones (oestrogen and progestin) into your skin (and bloodstream), which prevent ovulation.Why you should try it:
Though very effective, the patch can be discontinued easily enough, without having much impact on your body.Psst! Do not forget: you absolutely MUST speak to your gynaecologist before you get started on any long-term contraceptive plan. It’s true - your doc knows best!
:-)Images: ShutterstockMUST-READ: 7 Things Every Woman Should Know About The PillMUST-READ: #GirlTalk: Everything You Need To Know About Home Pregnancy Tests