As we celebrate our 70th Republic day this year, we want to applaud everyone who was a part of this incredible freedom journey. We are the 'sone ki chidiya' because of these people who sacrificed their entire life to make India independent and free from the British raj. Apart from well-known names like Mahatma Gandhi and Bhagat Singh, there are lots of female freedom fighters or 'sheroes' as we'd like to call them. These women had the courage to look death in the eye and fight for the motherland and so, they cannot be forgotten. This Republic Day, we want to salute them.
Here is a list of 9 amazing female freedom fighters that we bow down to.
An educator, political activist and publisher, Aruna Asaf Ali became an active member of Congress after getting married to Asaf Ali in 1928. She participated in the Salt Satyagraha movement and was part of every public procession during the Quit India Movement. She was popularly known for hoisting the Indian flag at the Gowalia Tank Maidan in Mumbai during the Quit India Movement.
Bhikaji Cama was one of the most prominent figures in the Indian Independence Movement. She was one freedom fighter who fought for equality between men and women. Not just that, she also gave away most of her assets to an orphanage for young girls. As an Indian ambassador, she travelled to Germany to hoist the Indian flag in the year 1907.
Born as Lakshmi Swaminathan, she was a former Indian Army officer popularly known as Captain Lakshmi. This was a reference to her rank when she was a prisoner in Burma during the Second World War. During the Bangladesh crisis, she organised relief camps and medical aid for refugees in Calcutta who travelled from India to Bangladesh that year. She co-founded the All India Democratic Women's Association in 1981 and was one of the most active participants in their leading campaigns.
A feminist thinker and a social activist, Begum Rokeya was one of the few leaders who fought for equal rights for women during the time of Independence struggle. She wrote poems and novels about the inequality of women and fearlessly talked about education for the girl child. She was widely regarded as a pioneer of women's liberation, a feminist movement in South Asia.
Sarojini Naidu was an Indian political activist and a poet. She actively participated in all the movements of civil rights and women's rights. She was an important figure in India's struggle for independence from colonial rule. Sarojini Naidu's work as a poet earned her the title of Nightingale of India. She was appointed the President of the Indian National Congress in 1925 and then became the Governor of the United Provinces. She was the first woman to hold the office of Governor in India.
India's first female Chief Minister, Sucheta Kriplani came forward along with her contemporaries during the Quit India Movement. She worked very closely with Mahatma Gandhi during the time of the partition. She sang Vande Mataram on 14 August 1947 in the Independence Session of the Constituent Assembly just a few minutes before Jawaharlal Nehru delivered his famous speech from 'Tryst With Destiny'. She was also the founder of the All India Mahila Congress.
Matangini Hazra was an Indian freedom fighter who participated in the Indian independence movement. She was known as Gandhi Buri, a Bengali word for old lady Gandhi. She was shot dead by British Indian police in 1942.
Abadi Bano Begum also known as Bi Amman, was one of the very few Muslim women who participated in the Indian Freedom struggle. Her sons, Maulana Mohammad Ali Jouhar and Maulana Shaukat Ali went on to become leading figures of the Khilafat Movement. She actively took part in politics and was a part of the Khilafat committee. Her speech at the All India Muslim League was so touching and forceful that it encouraged a lot of other women to join the fight for freedom.
Nellie Sengupta was one among the English women who was a true patriot in every sense. She married Jatindra Mohan despite oppression from family. She continued working for the country with her husband. She was then elected the Congress President in the year 1933 after being arrested for delivering a speech in New Delhi.
We salute these women. Vande Mataram!
Featured Image: Wikipedia